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Moacir de Lucena: The sower of schools

Moacir de Lucena and his family at UFRN solemnity
Professor, typographer, judge, lawyer, musician, paperboy, poet, primary school teacher, scout leader, sportsman, cultural promoter, itinerant educator.

Along his 100 years path of life in the state of Rio Grande do Norte (Northest-Brasil) , the son of the small western town of Martins, Moacir de Lucena, longed to be, above everything else, a servant in the fight for the people’s social progress.

Since his earliest youth he understood that such social progress would only arrive by way of Education. On that matter, with an innovative way, he created his own method on teaching to read and write, attaining concrete results with his students.

Method which was applied with fussing by Paulo Freire. Nonetheless, Moacir de Lucena arrived earlier, without any fussing, without propaganda, but with the luminosity of accomplishments and the extraordinary overhaul of turning the illiterate into literate.

Among the attempts to define Moacir de Lucena, his son Liacir dos Santos Lucena, (Ph.D. in Physics by University of Boston, United States of America, emeritus professor of the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte-UFRN-Brazil), in an article by him own in the Revista Oeste (Western Magazine), bears one definition which is closer to, above all, “the sower of schools”.

Directing one’s steps on this seeder of school’s life gives an understanding that self-indulgence, bureaucracy and attachment to comfort, excessively existent nowadays in the environment of Education and development, serve as inconsequent and hypocrite barriers that delay the people’s true progress.

Moacir de Lucena has reached the age of 100, he was born on June 5, 1912, never indulging himself nor seeking for a comfort zone, having faced with constant regularity, without cringing, pursuits by powerful men just for trying to be a true educator.
Normal School of Mossoró (1953)
Normal School of Mossoró in the 50’s 

After completing his studies at the Normal School of Mossoró in 1933, alongside with renowned names such as Lauro da Escóssia and Eliseu Viana, Moacir de Lucena embraced the cause of being an itinerant teacher bringing literacy and knowledge throughout the west and the interior of Rio Grande do Norte.

At that time, most of the population lived in rural areas of the counties. It was in those areas that Moacir de Lucena decided to work as a primary school teacher.

“Inspired by the ideals of the Normal School of Mossoró, Moacir de Lucena has become an educator, on a wide sense, in thorough attunement with the art of teaching, using all of his talent and intelligence. He engaged his role in teaching as a mission which he sought to carry out with responsibility, with his body and soul, with his mind and heart”, says professor Liacir dos Santos Lucena.

The dedication to the work of teaching, always seeking for efficiency, would stir up the local chieftains’ distrust that, practically speaking, didn’t long for the people’s literacy or for their consciousness, not even when the progress would finally arrive.

Those chieftains and influent people of the towns wanted, and it seems it hasn’t changed much, the persistence of the ignorance in the population for the maintenance of their own privileges via political power.

Moacir de Lucena encouraged his students, the students’ parents and the people from communities close to the schools, to think. If at the present days this means a major issue for the powerful men of the interior, picture this scenario in the late 30s of Rio Grande do Norte hinterland.

He practiced a kind of education that wasn’t limited neither only to class rooms nor to subjects purely didactic. He understood that the troubles to apply a good education were resultant from disregards of the administrative and political fields, so he engaged into concrete actions aiming to change the state of affairs.

The powerful men saw that as a serious threat, for that reason he couldn’t stay long in a town. The dominant political group would ask the governor or the education secretary of state for his removal from the town.

Thus, he saw himself spreading his struggle against ignorance in many hamlets and communities of Rio Grande do Norte. Wherever he would go, he would leave a significant trail:

a rise in the schools enrollments , enhancement of learning , organizations of libraries, the construction of new schools buildings, the founding of sports halls, science laboratories purchases, the founding of commercial schools.

“He acted essentially as an agent of transformation, a progress catalyst, a warrior in favor of education. He acted without omissions, supporting good proposals, inciting people to think. His most relevant contribution might have been to raise the awareness of a great amount of people to the importance of providing a good education for their children”, as remarked Liacir dos Santos Lucena.

Liacir Lucena – Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte Emeritus Professor

When advancing in Education is harmful 

Moacir de Lucena’s journey begins in Vila da Independência (known at the present time as town of Pendências) in Macau. In March 7, 1934, he was appointed as professor of the United Schools of Independência by Interventor Mário Câmara.

Although he pleased everyone for his performance, even the interventor Mário Câmara himself, he had his transference requested by political chieftains from Macau. On their view, Moacir de Lucena “was standing out too much”.

Interventor Mário Câmara answered the chieftains of Macau’s plea, but he promoted Moacir de Lucena from 4th grade teacher to 3rd grade teacher. Hence, Moacir left Macau for the United Schools “Tito Jacomé” of Vila de Augusto Severo, in September 1935.

In 1936, Moacir de Lucena was removed from Augusto Severo for the city of Portalegre. In 1938, was promoted by federal interventor Rafael Fernandes and will teach at the School of Antonio Carlos, in Caraúbas. In the same year, he is removed to Martins and soon after to Flores (Florânia district).

In the year of 1939, he was removed to the town of Apodi. In 1941, he requested transference to Alexandria. In the year of 1942, he returns to Apodi and remains there until 1945.

During his presence in Apodi, primary education has a new impulse and the construction of new School Group facilities is carried out. Many of the students of the School Group of Apodi wound up as judges, magistrates and doctors.

In 1945, he is transferred to Mossoró. In the foremost city of the West he remains until the end of 1946, when he is sent to the town of Papari.

The educator in the change of Papari’s name to Nísia Floresta 

Transferred to Papari in December 18 1946, Moacir de Lucena is appointed headmaster of the school group in March 3, 1947. From the start, by realizing that the school building was too small, he started a campaign for a new one. Campaign that has proved successful years later .

In Papari, Moacir de Lucena noticed a great discontentment of the people with the city name. Neighbour communities often played a pun with Papari*, specially involving their women: “Where are you going? Are you going to give birth?”, they would ask in a teasing manner. (*In Portuguese, Papari sounds like the word “parir” which means “to give birth”- translator’s note).

Moacir de Lucena, as was his style, started immediately a campaign to change the name of the town. The School Group already had the name of a distinguished educator who was recognized both nationally and internationally – Nísia Floresta.

With the help of a small rural landholder, Fernando Isaias, an IBGE* agent, Lourival Carvalho , and many other educators, he started visiting hamlets and propose them the change of Papari’s name to Nísia Floresta. (*Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística).

With the agreement of all communities, he drafted the name change project that, after being presented to the Legislative Assembly, was approved. Papari from then on was now called Nísia Floresta.

Even after the breakthrough in Nísia Floresta, and even because of it, Moacir de Lucena was sent, in 1949, to teach in the town of Taipu, in the region of Mato Grande, and then to Natal. In the capital, he taught in the School Group João Tibúrcio, in the Alecrim neighborhood, and later he turned the principal of the Model Rural School Dr. Manoel Dantas, in the Alberto Maranhão avenue, in the Tirol neighborhood.

In the year 1951, he started working again in Nísia Floresta. In 1952 he was transferred to Jucurutu. His travel to Jucurutu happened in an unusual way. Moacir de Lucena presented a project to the mayor of the town, Pedro Tomaz de Araujo, for the establishment of a normal school or possibly a school gymnasium. The proposal was accepted, and he requested the transference to Jucurutu.

The Normal School of Seridó becames reality

Education in the town was improved and the construction of the new school building for the School Group starts. However, Jucurutu didn’t fulfill any requirements for the implementation of a primary school or a gymnasium.

In the year 1953, for having to comply with the progress to the studying of his two children who were concluding the primary school, Moacir de Lucena requests his transferencel to the city of Caicó, where the Diocesano Seridoense Gymnasium was located.

In Caicó, he sought by all means to implement a regional primary school. Many wouldn’t believe him and the government claimed to have no resources. With the support of the Father José Celestino Galvão, he managed to convince the mayor of Caicó, Ruy Mariz, to concede one of the rooms in the city hall.

By independent will, the Regional Normal School had been founded. A group of teachers was immediately recruited and Father Galvão was designated the principal of the new school.

“The Regional Normal School of Caicó caused a great impact in the region. Besides the positive effects in Primary education, some of the people who graduated there, later on, managed to finish college and they served as the grounds for the implementation of the UFRN campus in Caicó”.

In the year 1954, facing financial hurdles to ensure his survival and his children’s education, Moacir de Lucena solicited his return to the town of Jucurutu. In such town, he resumed his old goal and managed to implement the Commercial Gymnasium of Jucurutu, kept by the city hall.

In parallel to his struggles in the educational area, Moacir de Lucena takes the entrance exam in the year 1952 for Law and he is approved to the Law School of Maceió *. In the year of 1956, Moacir de Lucena graduates along with other Rio Grande do Norte citizens, such Ticiano Duarte, João Batista Cascudo Rogrigues and Jessé Pinto Freire.(*Capital of the state of Alagoas, Northeast-Brasil; translator’s note).

Between 1957 and 1958, he goes to Mossoró practicing law in parallel to his work as a teacher in the Normal School. At the time, he created, alongside Jerônimo Vingt-un Rosado Maia, Manoel Leonardo Nogueira and João Batista Cascudo Rodrigues, the Instituto Cultural do Oeste Potiguar (Cultural Institute of the West Potiguar) .

Twenty-six years after taking the first steps on behalf of public Education, in the current town of Pendências, Moacir de Lucena took the exam to become a Law Judged and was approved. He served as a judge in the cities courts of Macaíba, São José de Mipibu, Parnamirim, Monte Alegre, Augusto Severo, Mossoró e São Rafael.

After retiring, he decided to write books. He has already published five books and, in his one-hundred years of life, looks forward to write the sixth one.

Scouting and music

Moacir de Lucena founded scouting group during his stays in Apodi and Alexandria. He saw scouting as a complement for school, where the young could learn in practice concepts of solidarity and civility, practice physical exercises, acquire good health habits, and receive orientations on how to survive in an inhospitable environment.

Moacir de Lucena, the poet, has always taken music to the schools where he taught. “He taught choral singing, organized choirs, composed anthems to schools and songs to holidays. He encouraged the emerging of new bands and promoted concerts with the participation of students”, recalls Liacir Lucena.

Martins’s son

Moacir de Lucena is Antonio Galdino de Lucena (Dato) and Antonia Francisca Xavier’s son, he was born in Martins on June 5, 1912, he has been married to Natália Queiroz dos Santos since December 1940, and is the father of ten children.

Isaias Oliveira
Article published in Revista Foco ; November 2012.
Natal – RN-Brasil.

Translator: Hugo Eduardo Amarilha de Oliveira

40 Hours of Angicos: The man who convinced Aluizio Alves and President John Kennedy to take part in Paulo Freire’s project

1956: Calazans in Jornal do Brasil

Isaias Oliveira

Born in the town of Marcelino Vieira, High West of Rio Grande do Norte (Brazil), the journalist Francisco Calazans Fernandes was the man chosen by Aluizio Alves for the ambitious project to do in three years what hadn’t been done in three centuries, to teach 100 thousand people in the estate how to read and write.

Calazans Fernandes’s goal was the building of one thousand classrooms and expands the access to schools for all children of Rio Grande do Norte (RN). Being aware of Paulo Freire’s literacy project, Calazans decided to adopt it in the estate; he convinced the governor Aluizio Alves, federal authorities and the president of the United States, John Kennedy.

Paulo Freire’s method was the adequate one for a large scale literacy project that needed to be done in Rio Grande do Norte. The experiment in Angicos would be the first step towards a comprehensive literacy campaign.

Calazans was also the main conductor for the implementation of the “Alliance for Progress” program in Rio Grande do Norte. Later, in private activity, he was the founder-director of the Roberto Marinho Foundation, where he served on the direction and creation of educational programs.

On Roberto Marinho Foundation he was the idealizer of the Telecourse program in the 70s. A program that has reached millions of Brazilians with thousands of tele-classrooms throughout all regions of the country.

Award- winning Journalist
Calazans idealized the Telecurso

Before taking part in the Secretary of Education of RN, Calazans Fernandes had been awarded the Esso Prize, in 1961, and has served in the main news companies of the country Diários Associados, O Globo , Jornal do Brasil, Editora Abril and Folha de São Paulo.

Calazans was also the regional correspondent, in Recife, for the american Time Magazine, The New York Times and worked on Jornal do Commércio. He has also acted on the newspapers Tribuna da Imprensa, Correio da Noite and Agência Meridional and on the magazines O Cruzeiro and Visão.

On studying and working travels, he registered journalistic activities and lectured in countries of South America, Europe, Orient and Africa, with stopovers in many cities, where he covered features for several newspapers and for the Brazilian magazines Manchete and Fatos e Fotos.

Calazans Fernandes is the author of the book “40 hours of hope”, which reports the experience of the implementing the education for the young and adults by Paulo Freire’s method in the town of Angicos in Rio Grande do Norte.

He is also the author of the books “Bullet in the needle, saga of new Christians in RN” and “The warrior of Yaco”.

The journalist Calazans Fernandes also received the Title of Honorary Citizen of the estate of Texas and of both cities of Baton Rouge and New Orleans from the estate of Louisiana, United States.

Francisco Calazans Fernandes was born in Marcelino Vieira on January, 15, 1929 and died on January, 27, 2010, in São Paulo.

Translator Hugo Eduardo Amarilha de Oliveira

Cuban doctors’ arrival evidences underdevelopment in Brazil public higher education system

By Francisco Epaminondas (Chico Lopes)

The big question asked with the arrival of the Cuban doctors is the confirmation that Brazil has an underdeveloped higher education public system. It’s exactly this implicit perception of the Brazilian underdevelopment that establishes a reality shock that causes disdain, surprise and revolt to many.

But this revolt must be channeled to its real objective: the Brazilian higher education archaic planning that is thoroughly obsolete and harmful to the own Brazilian people.

Cuba straggles behind Brazil in thousands of topics referring to economic development, social progress and scientific advances.

But Cuba is far ahead from Brazil when it comes to effectively graduating doctors. If anyone had any doubts about that, they don’t any longer. Cuba is exporting doctors to Brazil and the noticed conclusion is that it is exactly what the country needed.

Felipe Camarão wil now have a doctor, a cuban
According to the Education Ministry, Brazil is ranked second place in number of medical schools, being the runner-up to India only.

Brazil graduates roughly 16.000 doctors a year, the same amount as the United States does. The thing is, the US has a much more numerous population than the Brazilian one.

Then why do we lack doctors and the United States doesn’t?

The answer for this is not complicated at all, it’s simple. Brazil’s public higher education entrance system is, specially in courses considered most important , archaic, favors maintaining the current status quo since the times of “Casas Grandes e Senzalas” (slavery), and  discriminates on a pretty, but petty way, the poor, suburb dwellers  and those from the country side.

The entrance exams have caused enormous damage to the social progress and the citizens of the Brazilian people as a whole. The ENEM (National Secondary School Exam) is more open and represents progress, but it’s not the ideal situation yet.

In Cuba, on the other hand, the education system warrants positions for students who live in suburbs (like the crowded Felipe Camarão in Natal). In Natal you can’t imagine an inhabitant from Felipe Camarão taking Medicine classes  at the public university, at the UFRN (Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte).

You can’t also imagine an inhabitant from Serrinha dos Pintos, Paraná, Venha Ver, Messias Targino, and many other towns in Rio Grande do Norte’s backcountry taking classes in Medicine at the UFRN. Such Medicine course, it’s  good  to be said, is payed by the taxpayers, including the ones from the backcountry and from suburbs.

Elitist Medicine degrees, professionals graduated in an elitist way, elitist real life.Doctors (wearing pants or skirts) who stick up their noses to neighborhoods like Felipe Camarão, who don’t even want to hear about working in the backcountry. Doctors that pile up in the capitals’  most sophisticated hospitals or long to, using their family’s budget, establish their own clinics in the urban centers.

16.000 thousand physicians are graduated in Brazil annually, but there is no doctor in suburbs, there is no doctor in the backcountry towns. That’s because they were selected for the public university without taking into account the people’s interests.  Everything was thought of, and it’s still being thought of, except for the people’s interests.

It’s time for Felipe Camarão to have its place assured at the public federal university. A place which must be occupied by someone who knows, beforehand, that they will have to work there. And that this someone knows, beforehand, that they will get their monthly paycheck worth of R$ 10.000, which is the same amount paid to the Cuban doctors.

It’s true that the Cuban doctors will only keep 25% of that sum, the most of it goes to the Cuban government. But since the Brazilian doctors don’t have the unfortunate mediator character in the middle of the way, they should get full wages and paid not by backcountry mayors, but by the federal government.

Translator Hugo Eduardo Amarilha de Oliveira

A potiguar at the top of the world Nanotechnology

Researcher professor Douglas Galvão
A Potiguar (Those born in the state of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil) is at the top of Nanotechnology research in Brazil. Professor Douglas Soares Galvão, 52, is one of the exponents at the matter and at his laboratory at the Physics Institute Gleb Wataghin (IFGW) of the Unicamp (State University of Campinas) acts on activities such as the one with microscopic cilinders made out of carbon, called Nanotubes, which is 100 thousand times thinner than a thread of hair. A material with such rigidity and high electric conductivity that it aims to bring about a revolution in electronic technology in the next few years. The carbon Nanotubes should replace, soon, the silicon as raw material for cellphone telephony, televisions and computers in general.

Douglas Galvão was born in Currais Novos, he graduated in Physics at UFRN (Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte), he also holds a master’s degree and a doctorate degree in Physics from Unicamp and post-doctoral degree from Bell Communications Research (USA) and Princeton University (USA). Currently he is a Professor in the Department of Applied Physics of Unicamp.

Professor Douglas says Brazil has advanced on Nanotechnology and it has made a leap on the quality of Fundamental Science, but it’s not managing to turn that into wealth. “A country where the second highest amount of patents comes from a university, there’s something wrong about it, it should come from private companies”, he argues.

Due to its potential to be present in many fields, Nanotechnology creates new environments for the market. The Brazilian Nanotechnology already engages in the economy, for example, through dyes with titanium oxide (Unicamp’s patent), nanostructuring ceramics (composed of nanostructures that modify the color and make it more resistant), and in metallurgy.

Many Startup enterprises are already present in the country aiming to make products involving Nanotechnology in the cosmetics field and in fast medical diagnosis.

According to Douglas Galvão, the Nanotechnology will have a strong presence in the worldwide economy and also in every situation in people’s lives – ranging from ethics to war. “The estimation is that by 2025 several trillions of dollars will have been made by the Nanotechnology in the worldwide market”, says Douglas.

The world is investing in Nanotechnology, stressing on the military field. Professor Douglas Galvão gives the example about the Instituto de Nanotecnologia do Soldado (Institute of the Nanotechnology of the Soldier) among one of the most well regarded hubs of studies and research on technology – the MIT (Massachusetts Institute of Technology), in the United States. “This institute researches everything that concerns to the use of Nanotechnology in the military, from concepts to products”, Douglas informs.

The Nanotechnology

Nanotechnology is the technology that makes use of structures that have one of the dimensions ranging from 10 to 100 nanometers (length, width or height). One nanometer is the one-billionth part of a meter. The nanometer can be seen through a latest generation electronic microscope (a microscope worth 3 million dollars). In Brazil there are only two of those microscopes in the Inmetro (National Institute of Metrology, Standardization and Industrial Quality) of Rio de Janeiro.

Carbon nanotubes sepertine
The scientific community of Nanotechnology relies currently on about 3.000 researchers involved in activities in Brazilian universities. At Unicamp, the Nanotechnology team relies on 10 researchers, with students, doctors and postdoctoral researchers among them.

Among the researches developed by the Unicamp team is the work with Carbon Serpentines. This work is being carried out with cooperation of the Institute Weimane, in Israel, and counts as its co-author a master’s degree student of the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN), Leonardo Dantas.

The Carbon Serpentine, says professor Douglas Galvão, allows that nanocontacts can be made with great efficiency. “There are only four teams in the world capable of synthetizing the Serpentine”, Douglas reminds.

Another area of research by the Douglas Galvão’s team of Nanotechnology at Unicamp is the one working with the Artificial Muscle, an artifact made of carbon nanotube, which is 300 times stronger than the human muscle and capable of withstanding 100 thousand times more weight. Such discovery, Douglas tells, was made by the Unicamp team in partnership with the University of Texas in Dallas, in 2012.

This muscle can be placed externally as an exoskeleton on people with physical disabilities. “They are very light muscles, weighing only milligrams. They are made out of carbon and coated in paraffin”, Douglas Galvão informs.

The force generated by the Artificial Muscle comes from the force of the contraction of the fiber. The thermic energy it receives may be generated by sunlight or by electric energy.

Professor Douglas Galvão acknowledges that the Nanotechnology will extend throughout the many fields of human life and despite being already present in several areas, it has yet much to evolve.

Isaias Oliveira
Article published in Revista Foco ; september 2014.
Natal – RN-Brasil.

Translator: Hugo Eduardo Amarilha de Oliveira

Education in Rio Grande do Norte – Brazil: Centrinhoworks for inclusion with the training of new artistic talents

Francisco Assis: Creativity in social inclusion 
(Foto:Danilo Bezerra)
The Centrinho, Center of Special Education of SEEC/Rio Grande do Norte, is one of the specialized structures of public education. Located inside the Administrative Center of the Estate’s Government in Natal, the Centrinho attends to 386 students with disabilities always before or after normal schools’s time. It has the task of stimulating students with disabilities for education through teaching strategies the prioritize social inclusion.

Among those inclusion strategies the one that stands out is the art education. Taking lead of a specialized class and open to talent, teacher Francisco Assis Souza Filho, art educator, with 30 years of profession experience, 10 of those in the Centrinho, works for the stimulation of creativity and the strengthening of the students’s self-confidence.

Assis Souza works with students with intellectual disabilities and autists. He works with drawings, paintings, sculptures. He uses crayons, color pencils, collages, and origami. On his job he also needs materials such as paper for drawing, pastel colors and gouache. Anything could happen in terms of creations of human talent itself in the rectangular room at the facilities of the Centrinho. A room that does not conform to the bureaucratic model standing in conventional education and that establishes a scenery appropriate for the talent to go forward, to prevail and to be shared between students and teacher. “I feel happy for having helped the discovery of the potential for arts of many students”, says Francisco Assis Souza.

Native to AreiaBranca, salt region of Rio Grande do Norte, Francisco Assis Souza Filho, 59, was a professor at UnP (Potiguar University) for 10 years, a substitute professor at UFRN (Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte), and has received many art contests awards in the local area and one at national level, the one from Fasubra( Federation of the Associations of the Brazilian Universities Employees).

Francisco Assis Souza himself holds a great creative ability. Among the contests he won in the Rio Grande do Norte is the AdrahanPalatinick one, in which he was placed first for a Christ sculpture. In the not conventional at all room of the Centrinho there is a robot that is over 20 years old, made by Assis Souza, entirely fabricated with recycled resources such as used printing cartridges, typing machines pieces, computer parts, reels, joysticks among others. A robot, that apparently, seems to be under constant process of perfecting.

Assis Souza has hundreds of creative projects such as kaleidoscopes with different shapes made with recycled materials, toys, children’s games, hourglasses, abstract sculptures created with aluminum trays and many others. He is also an inventor and created in the year of 1986 a machine called Visarte that makes easier for any layman to improve their drawing techniques through observation. He is an autodidact in the teaching of the oriental arts of origami (paper folding) and kirigami (paper cutting).

“I’m happy for the capability I have to make something that improves the self-esteem of many students. Cícero, for instance, considers himself an artist, and he is, with the skills to compete with any other in the state”, emphasizes Francisco Assis Souza.

CíceroGrino, 40, resident of the neighborhood of Nova Natal, in the northern region of the capital of the state, is one of the foremost revelations risen in the art-education classroom of the Centrinho. CíceroGrino is Cícero Silva’s artistic name. The Grino, a creation of Cícero himself is the name of an artist of ancient Greece, but the explanation he holds is that it’s about the combination of a cricket and a dinosaur. CíceroGrino has an intellectual disability and often feels worse and misses several class days. When he returns, he has forgotten everything, even how to hold a pencil and a paintbrush, and goes through a new reeducation until he is able to get his capacity back to produce beautiful paintings. He has an enormous talent for drawing and for painting, and the teacher Assis Souza is thinking about making an exhibition of his work, but the government’s support is still incipient.

The Centrinho, a reference environment for the education of people with disabilities in the state, takes place in a facility initially made to shelter workers and the coordinators of the engineering personnel that built the Administrative Centerof the Government of Rio Grande do Norte, in the Lagoa Nova neighborhood in Natal. Currently, it is directed by teacher Inês Albano and attends to students with disabilities in the morning and afternoon periods and counts with 56 teachers, among them educational psychologists, art educators, educationalists, literacy tutors, psychologists, phonoaudiologists and experts in visual arts, dance, music and sport practice.

Isaias Oliveira
Translator: Hugo Eduardo Amarilha de Oliveira

Museum of Morphological Sciences 

of UFRN is one of the most important in


The collection draws the students’ attention

The Museum of Morphological Sciences (MCM) of the Biosciences Center of the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN) has been reopened in the condition of one of the most important museums of Latin-America and as a member of one of the most important guides in the continent: The “Guide Centres and Science Museums in Latin America and the Caribbean”.

The Museum of Morphological Sciences, located in the central campus of the UFRN, in Natal, possesses an important collection of human anatomy with depictions of specimens of all systems of the human body and embryonic development. The museum also possesses a room with a collection of compared anatomy with animals from the fauna of Rio Grande do Norte, evolutionarily organized. Another important news about the reopening, the room of the Museum of the Sea, counts with different sea animals, from invertebrates to big cetaceans.

The new structure of the Museum of Morphological Sciences is already open to visitation. The location now offers previously booked visitations to groups of students and teachers of primary and secondary schools. The visits are monitored by students of the courses of biology, health and agrarian sciences of the UFRN, trained by researchers of the museum about the great themes of Morphology as well as about didactic-pedagogical approaches.

Students feel surprised during the visit

“Until this moment, we have received 347 primary schools up to professionalizing schools with effective registration that continuously make visits in groups to complement their science classes. Moreover, the museum promotes the training of teachers of the education system with the intention of elevating the use of school visitations to the museum and capacitate them to the production of anatomical models and specimens that can be used in their schools”, professor Cristina Camilo, vice-director of the museum reminds.
For extension academics of UFRN, the MCM makes it possible to live the social reality and professional practice, besides carrying out an exercise of citizenship by sharing with others technical-scientific knowledge acquired in classrooms and laboratories of teaching and research.

Isaias Oliveira
Translator: Hugo Eduardo Amarilha de Oliveira

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